The amount of greenhouse gas emissions that are reduced or avoided through a climate protection project are calculated as follows: For power production with renewable energies, the amount calculated is the amount of greenhouse gas emissions that the climate protection project reduces or avoids.
Furthermore, a scenario is described that highlights the greenhouse gas emissions that would have been created without the climate protection project. This scenario is referred to as a baseline. The difference between the baseline emissions (reference case emissions) and the expected project emissions provide the expected reduction in emissions.
Responsibility for CO₂ emissions from the manufacture of products and services that cannot be further reduced can be assumed through the purchase of CO₂ certificates. For this purpose, CO₂ certificates are sold in the accordant amount and subsequently retired. This retirement verifiably confirms that the certificate’s owner has made a contribution to climate protection.
You can find further exciting information on the subject of climate change and climate protection in our climate booklet